The Canadian government built a major air force base at Goose Bay, at the head of Lake Melville during the Second World War, a site selected because of its topography, access to the sea, defensible location, and minimal fog. European settlement was largely concentrated in coastal communities, particularly those south of St. Lewis and Cape Charles, and are among Canada's oldest European settlements. Council says they’ll argue the bylaw is invalid because Kanesatake was not consulted by the Crown. On the extreme northeast promontory of North America, Maggiolo place-names include Terra de los Ingres (Land of the English), and Terra de Lavorador de rey de portugall (Land of Lavrador of the King of Portugal). Further south, we notice Terra de corte real e de rey de portugall (Land of "Corte-Real" and of the King of Portugal) and terra de pescaria (Land for Fishing). This is believed to be João Fernandes. Although a highway link has, as of 16 December 2009, been completed across Labrador, this route is somewhat longer than a proposed Quebec North Shore highway that presently does not exist. [9] While this border has not been formally accepted by the Quebec government, the Henri Dorion Commission (Commission d'étude sur l'intégrité du territoire du Québec) concluded in the early 1970s that Quebec no longer has a legal claim to Labrador.[10]. Most of the supply is bought by Hydro-Québec under a long-term contract. — Parts of Newfoundland and Labrador are marking the end of the first week of the provincial election campaign with a massive snowstorm. Last week, Mohawk Council filed for a judicial review in Quebec Superior Court, asking it to “quash and declare null” Oka’s bylaw before it is certified by the provincial government. [4] Labrador ("lavrador" in Portuguese) means husbandman or farmer of a tract of land (from "labour" in Latin) —the land of the labourer. However, the Treaty of Paris (1763) that ended the French and Indian War transferred New France (including Labrador though excluding the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon southwest of Newfoundland) to the British, which administered the area as the Province of Quebec until splitting it in two in 1791, with Labrador located in Lower Canada. Together with the small community of Wabush, the two towns are known as "Labrador West". Red Bay is known as one of the best examples of a preserved 16th-century Basque whaling station. “It’s part of Highway 344 where, today, we find cigarette and cannabis shacks,” he added. ET at 1-800-663-9980 For French speakers in all provinces and English speakers in Quebec, please contact us during the hours of 8:30 a.m.-5:00 p.m. “[Simon’s] playing in our sandbox – and if he keeps coming to play in our sandbox, there are going to be conflicts,” Quevillion said. CUSTOMER LOG IN ... Montreal, Quebec H1S 2Z2 Tel :1-866-828-5961 (English) Tel. From Cape Chidley to Hamilton Inlet, the long, thin, northern tip of Labrador holds the Torngat Mountains, named after an Inuit spirit believed to inhabit them. The south eastern tip nearest Newfoundland uses Newfoundland Time (UTC−3:30 in winter, UTC−2:30 in summer) to stay co-ordinated with the more populous part of the province. It is the largest and northernmost geographical region in Atlantic Canada. 1920 to 1949. See world news photos and videos at ABCNews.com Throughout the 20th century, coastal freighters and ferries operated initially by the Newfoundland Railway and later Canadian National Railway/CN Marine/Marine Atlantic became a critical lifeline for communities on the coast, which for the majority of that century did not have any road connection with the rest of North America. They gave this "new land" its Latin name Terranova. Email; Phone. Summers are typically cool to mild across Labrador and very rainy, and usually last from late June to the end of August. Labrador is named after João Fernandes Lavrador, a Portuguese explorer who sailed along the coasts of the Peninsula in 1498–99. Known as "the heart of the Big Land", the area's population comprises people from all groups and regions of Labrador. A Halifax developer continues to prepare a north-end apartment building for demolition despite having its permit revoked and an ongoing tenant dispute. Central Labrador extends from the shores of Lake Melville into the interior. “If ever the ecological gift is made – and that would surprise me – we’re very worried for the Pines because of what happened to the part that was purchased by the federal government 30 years ago,” Quevillion explained Monday. It was an alternate landing zone for the United States' Space Shuttle. 1927 – The Quebec-Labrador boundary is defined … Due to its size, distinct nature, and large Aboriginal population, Labrador has one seat despite having the smallest population of any electoral district in Canada. From Hamilton Inlet to Cape St. Charles/St. They also want Quebec to prohibit Oka from taking any other measures to interfere with transfer of the Pines to “Mohawk control.” In 1499 and 1500, the Portuguese explorers João Fernandes Lavrador and Pro de Barcelos reached what was probably now Labrador, which is believed to be the origin of its name. July 19, 2020 Six Nations members occupy a construction site at 1535 McKenzie Rd., renaming it 1492 Land Back Lane. The Lower Churchill Project will develop the remaining potential of the river and supply it to provincial consumers. [citation needed], Some of the Innu nation would have the area become a homeland for them, much as Nunavut is for the Inuit, as a good portion of Nitassinan falls within Labrador's borders; a 1999 resolution of the Assembly of First Nations claimed Labrador as a homeland for the Innu and demanded recognition in any further constitutional negotiations regarding the region.[12]. Once a refuelling point for plane convoys to Europe during World War II, CFB Goose Bay is now operated as a NATO tactical flight training site. However, in 2001, Parti Québécois cabinet ministers Jacques Brassard and Joseph Facal reasserted that Québec has never recognised the 1927 border: Les ministres rappellent qu'aucun gouvernement québécois n'a reconnu formellement le tracé de la frontière entre le Québec et Terre-Neuve dans la péninsule du Labrador selon l'avis rendu par le comité judiciaire du Conseil privé de Londres en 1927. The federal government is also being “put on notice” as part of the legal proceedings, “because Oka is a creation of the Crown in the Right of Quebec, rather than the Crown in Right of Canada,” according to the Mohawk Council press release. En 1927, le Comité judiciaire du Conseil privé britannique est prié de rendre un avis sur une dispute entre le Canada et Terre-Neuve concernant l'emplacement de la frontière séparant Terre‑Neuve et le Québec au Labrador. 11 – Innu Traditional Territory", "Labrador Inuit land claim passes last hurdle", "Government of Newfoundland Consultation Policy", https://stats.gov.nl.ca/Statistics/Topics/census2016/PDF/CCS_Community_2016.pdf, "Report on explorations in the Labrador peninsula along the East Main, Koksoak, Hamilton, Manicuagan and portions of other rivers in 1892–93–94–95", Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Labrador&oldid=1003901059, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from November 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1774: Labrador is transferred (along with. The applicant or accompanying spouse has a close relative that is a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident residing in Newfoundland and Labrador, which includes parent, sibling, grandparent, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, cousin and step-family members or in-laws of the same relationships. Labrador can be divided into four geographical regions: the North Coast, Central Labrador, Western Labrador, and the South Coast. We’re taking back,” Simon told APTN News. Stories about First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples, Grand chief says neighbouring municipality adopted a heritage bylaw “in bad faith”. Muskrat Falls is 45 km (30 miles) west of Happy Valley-Goose Bay on the Grand River (Newfoundland name: Churchill River). Construction of a large hydroelectric dam project at Muskrat Falls began in 2012 by Nalcor Energy and the Province of Newfoundland. L'Anse-au-Loup is the largest town on the Labrador Straits. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. Formerly, Labrador was part of a riding that included part of the Island of Newfoundland. 7 They also want Quebec to prohibit Oka from taking any other measures to interfere with transfer of the Pines to “Mohawk control.”. [11], [The ministers reiterate that no Quebec government has ever formally recognised the drawing of the border between Quebec and Newfoundland in the Labrador peninsula according to the opinion rendered by the London Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1927. Raising awareness of Indigenous water rights in British Co... Athena Bonneau - Local Journalism Initiative Reporter - The Discourse. Despite this argument, a legal analysis completed on behalf of the Mohawk Council of Kanesatake back in October revealed a possible hidden agenda. Today, two-thirds of the Pines are privately owned by Oka-based developer Gregoire Gollin, who offered to donate a portion of the forest back to Kanesatake through the federal government’s ecological gift program. General. In the 1532 Wolfenbüttel map, believed to be the work of Diogo Ribeiro, along the coast of Greenland, the following legend was added: As he who first sighted it was a farmer from the Azores Islands, this name remains attached to that country. This area is predominantly Inuit, with the exception of a small Innu community, Natuashish. A Ministry spokesperson reiterated the Pines file “is an important issue” in an email to APTN on Monday. Deposits at Mont Wright, Schefferville, Labrador City, and Wabush drove industrial development and human settlement in the area during the second half of the 20th century. It contains the Churchill River, the largest river in Labrador and one of the largest in Canada. As part of Newfoundland since 1809, Labrador was still being disputed by Quebec until the British resolved their border in 1927. During the 1960s, the Churchill River (Labrador name: Grand River) was diverted at Churchill Falls, resulting in the flooding of an enormous area – today named the Smallwood Reservoir after Joey Smallwood, the first premier of Newfoundland. For the dog breed, see, geographic and cultural region of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Place in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, Commission d'étude sur l'intégrité du territoire du Québec. A study on a fixed link to Newfoundland, in 2004, recommended that a tunnel under the Strait of Belle Isle, being a single railway that would carry cars, buses and trucks, was technologically the best option for such a link. Early settlement in Labrador was tied to the sea as demonstrated by the Montagnais (or Innu) and Inuit, although these peoples also made significant forays throughout the interior. For the first seven decades or so of the sixteenth century, the name Labrador was sometimes also applied to what we know as Greenland. “We’ve got plenty of evidence to suggest this is – and I hesitate to use the word ‘racist’ – but there are hints of racism within that resolution,” Simon explained. They’ve taken all they’re going to take now. The Torngat Mountain range is also home to Mount Caubvick, the highest point in the province. After the construction of the hydroelectric dam at Churchill Falls in 1970, the Smallwood Reservoir has flooded much of the old hunting land—submerging several grave sites and trapping cabins in the process. Our TransUnion representatives are available to assist you with the dispute process. The hydroelectric dam at Churchill Falls is the second-largest underground power station in the world. The Southern Inuit of NunatuKavut, who are also seeking self-government, have their land claim before the Government of Canada. The subdivision is across town but linked to Kanonhstaton through an hydro and pipeline easement access road. Labrador (/ ˈ l æ b r ə d ɔːr / LAB-rə-dor) is a geographic and cultural region within the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.It is the primarily continental portion of the province and constitutes 71% of the province's area but is home to only 6% of the province's population. Labrador (/ˈlæbrədɔːr/ LAB-rə-dor) is a geographic and cultural region within the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. As Canada and Newfoundland were separate Dominions, but both within the British Empire, the matter was referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council[9] (in London). Pour le Québec, cette frontière n'a donc jamais été définitivement arrêtée. Before APTN Lindsay worked at the Eastern Door, CTV Montreal and the Montreal Gazette. Labrador is divided into four provincial electoral districts in the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly. Nain is the administrative centre. During the Second World War and the Cold War, the base was also home to American, British, and later German, Dutch, and Italian detachments. “When the UN sees the word ‘Oka’ on that thing – you’ll see how fast the attention turns to Quebec,” he said. “Indeed, [Lafreniere] appointed a negotiator at the beginning of December for the issue of cohabitation between Kanesatake and Oka. The Pines forest, the inspiration for Oka’s recent heritage bylaw, was also the site at the heart of the 1990 standoff. Nunatsiavut is an Inuit self-government region in Labrador created on June 23, 2000. :1-877-323-2598 (French) There is another credit bureau in … The flooding of the reservoir destroyed large areas of habitat for the threatened Woodland Caribou. Sales: 1-877-704-4269. [18], This article is about the region in Canada. Lindsay was born and raised on the unceded territory of Tiohtià:ke (Montréal), and joined APTN News as a Quebec correspondent in 2019. Springtime most years does not arrive until late April, with the last snow fall usually falling during early June. The Settlement area comprises the majority of Labrador's North Coast, while the land-use area also includes land farther to the interior and in Central Labrador. Quite poor, both European and First Nations settlements along coastal Labrador came to benefit from cargo and relief vessels that were operated as part of the Grenfell Mission (see Wilfred Grenfell). [17] Notably the Polar bear, Ursus maritimus, reaches the southeast of Labrador on its seasonal movements. Free D-U-N-S Number Services. Part of the "highway", Route 389, starting approximately 212 kilometres (132 mi) from Baie-Comeau to 482 kilometres (300 mi), is of an inferior alignment, and from there to 570 kilometres (350 mi), the provincial border, is an accident-prone section notorious for its poor surface and sharp curves. ST. JOHN'S, N.L. Pour le Québec, cette frontière n'a donc jamais été définitivement arrêtée. Labrador is home to a number of flora and fauna species. Prior to the 1995 Quebec sovereignty referendum, Parti Québécois Premier Jacques Parizeau indicated that, in the event of a "yes" vote, a sovereign Quebec under his leadership would recognise the 1927 border. Labrador played strategic roles during both World War II and the Cold War. A copy of the legal document was also forwarded to the United Nations’ Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, according to Simon. The Iron Ore Company of Canada operates the Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway to transport ore concentrate 578 kilometres (359 miles) south to the port of Sept-Îles, Quebec, for shipment to steel mills in North America and elsewhere. Each of those regions is described below. Most of the Upper Canadian and Lower Hudsonian mammalian species are found in Labrador. In 1542 Basque mariners came ashore at a natural harbour on the northeast coast of the Strait of Belle Isle. Conceivably, if built with federal aid, the 1949 terms of union would be amended to remove ferry service from Nova Scotia to Port aux Basques across the Cabot Strait. Search for a D-U-N-S Number: Search for a company by name, location, or telephone number DUNS Manager: View, print, and manage information in your company’s D&B file Free D-U-N-S Number: Get a D-U-N-S Number in up to 30 days through the standard request process Expedited D-U-N-S Number Services. Western Labrador is also home to the Iron Ore Company of Canada, which operates a large iron ore mine in Labrador City. Terre-Neuve rejeta une première fois l'union avec la confédération canadienne dans l'élection générale de 1869.Elle demeura colonie britannique jusqu'à ce qu'elle reçût le statut de dominion en 1907 en même temps que la Nouvelle-Zélande.Elle tenta de faire un accord de libre-échange avec les États-Unis mais cela échoua. These "highways" are so called only because of their importance to the region; they would be better described as roads, and are not completely paved. One of Newfoundland's conditions for joining Confederation in 1949 was that this boundary be entrenched in the Canadian constitution. Quebec in April 2009 announced major upgrades to Route 389 to be carried out. McKenzie Meadows dispute. Labrador occupies most of the eastern part of the Labrador Peninsula. The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador refuses to recognise or negotiate with the Inuit of NunatuKavut until their claim has been accepted by the Government of Canada.[14]. Lafreniere’s office refused to comment directly on the suit “as the case is now before the courts.”, “In my view – there’s no negotiator,” Simon explained. The middle-aged man, identified only as R.S., was repeatedly put on and off life support treatment during weeks of wrangling at British and European courts over whether continuing the treatment was in his best interests. In Quevillion’s view, Mohawk Council’s complaint about lack of consultation on the bylaw is unfounded. The Moravian Brethren of Herrnhut, Saxony, first came to the Labrador Coast in 1760 to minister to the migratory Inuit tribes there. Labrador has a roughly triangular shape that encompasses the easternmost section of the Canadian Shield, a sweeping geographical region of thin soil and abundant mineral resources. For your spouse or other family member. Find Violation by Entering Notice & Plate Numbers Notice Number: Plate Number: State It is separated from the island of Newfoundland by the Strait of Belle Isle. Northern Labrador's climate is classified as polar, while Southern Labrador's climate is classified as subarctic. 2001: The province officially changes its name to, 2007: The province and Federal Government of Canada sign an agreement to establish, This page was last edited on 31 January 2021, at 06:44. Additionally, both the Royal Canadian Air Force and United States Air Force built and operated a number of radar stations along coastal Labrador as part of the Pinetree Line, Mid-Canada Line and DEW Line systems. The border between Labrador and Canada was set on 1 March 1927, after a five-year trial. Avoid waiting on hold. Le Labrador est la région continentale de la province canadienne de Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador.. If you recently applied for credit or received a copy of your TransUnion Credit Report and you believe there is an inaccuracy, simply call: English speakers in all provinces except Quebec: toll-free 1-800-663-9980